Advent of Code 2016 Day13: A Maze of Twisty Little Cubicles

This is a series of programming challenges for beginners and experienced Caché programmers.

For an introduction : go to article https://community.intersystems.com/post/advent-code-2016-day1-no-time-ta...

Today, you have to find a path through a maze. To know if a coordinate is a wall or an open space, you will have to do a calculation like this :

 

x*x + 3*x + 2*x*y + y + y*y
Add the office designer's favorite number (your puzzle input).
Find the binary representation of that sum; count the number of bits that are 1.
  - If the number of bits that are 1 is even, it's an open space.
  - If the number of bits that are 1 is odd, it's a wall.

 

The complete description is on http://adventofcode.com/2016/day/13, and it also includes your puzzle input.

There are two functions in Caché which will help you in the calculation that you might have never used before :

 

The solution is pretty straightforward (especially if you survived the challenge on day 11) : try the possible moves (up, down, right, left) by calculating if you hit an open space or a wall, stopping if you reached a coordinate twice. You are finished when you reach location [31,39]

Here is my code :

Class AOC2016.Day13 Extends AOC2016.Utils
{

ClassMethod Part1()
{
  #Dim path as %String = ""
  #Dim posX as %Integer = 1
  #Dim posY as %Integer = 1
  Set %grid = ""
  Set %maxPath = 150
  Do ..Move(posX,posY,path)
}

ClassMethod Move(posX, posY, path) As %Boolean
{
  #Dim valid as %Boolean = 0
  #Dim deltaX, deltaY as %Integer
  #Dim move as %String
  If $ListLength(path)'<%maxPath Quit 0

  For move="0,1","1,0","0,-1","-1,0" {
    set deltaX=$P(move,",",1)
    set deltaY=$P(move,",",2)
    If $ListFind(path,$lb(posX+deltaX,posY+deltaY)) Continue  ;been here already in this path
    If ..ValidMove(posX+deltaX,posY+deltaY) {
      If (posX+deltaX)=31,(posY+deltaY)=39 {
        Set valid = 1
        If $ListLength(path_$lb($lb(posX+deltaX,posY+deltaY)))<%maxPath {
          Set %maxPath = $ListLength(path_$lb($lb(posX+deltaX,posY+deltaY)))
!,%maxPath
        }
else {
        Set valid = ..Move(posX+deltaX,posY+deltaY, path_$lb($lb(posX+deltaX,posY+deltaY)))
      }
    }
  }
  Quit valid
}

ClassMethod ValidMove(x, y) As %Boolean
{
  #Dim calc as %Integer
  #Dim valid as %Boolean = 1
  If (x<0)!(y<0) Quit 0
  If $Get(%grid(x,y))'="" Quit %grid(x,y)
  set calc=(x*x)+(3*x)+(2*x*y)+y+(y*y)+1358
  If $BitCount($Factor(calc),1)#2 set valid = 0
  Set %grid(x,y)=valid
  Quit valid
}

}

 

The second part of the challenge asks how many distinct locations you can reach in total in at most 50 steps, this will not have a big impact on the code for part 1.

Here is the code Bert wrote for this part of the challenge :

 

Start2() [History] PUBLIC {
History
input=1352
  for x=0:1:200 {
y=0:1:200 {
maze(x,y)= $$isWall(x,y,input) 
    }
  }
options=1
options(1,"X")=1
options(1,"Y")=1
History("1,1")=""
doStep2(.maze,.options,1)
}

doStep2(Maze,Options,Step) [History] {
newOptions=0
nextOption=$ORDER(Options(""))
  while nextOption'="" {
calculateOptions(Options(nextOption,"X"),Options(nextOption,"Y"),.Maze,.newOptions) 
nextOption=$ORDER(Options(nextOption))
  }

  if Step<50 {
doStep2(.Maze,.newOptions,Step+1)
else {
count=0
visited=$ORDER(History(""))
    while visited'="" {
count=count+1
visited = $ORDER(History(visited))
    }
!,"total visited: ",count
  }
}

calculateOptions(X,Y,Maze,Options) [History] {
  if 'Maze(X+1,Y) && '$DATA(History((X+1)_","_Y)) {
Options=Options+1
Options(Options,"X")=X+1
Options(Options,"Y")=Y
History((X+1)_","_Y)=""
  }
  if 'Maze(X,Y+1) && '$DATA(History(X_","_(Y+1))) {
Options=Options+1
Options(Options,"X")=X
Options(Options,"Y")=Y+1
History(X_","_(Y+1))=""
  }
  if X>0 {
    if 'Maze(X-1,Y) && '$DATA(History((X-1)_","_Y)) {
Options=Options+1
Options(Options,"X")=X-1
Options(Options,"Y")=Y
History((X-1)_","_Y)=""
    }
  }
  if Y>0 {
    if 'Maze(X,Y-1) && '$DATA(History(X_","_(Y-1))) {
Options=Options+1
Options(Options,"X")=X
Options(Options,"Y")=Y-1
History(X_","_(Y-1))=""
    } 
  }
}

isWall(X,Y,Input) {
result=0
number=(X*X) + (3*X) + (2*X*Y) + + (Y*Y)
number=number+Input
  x=$FACTOR(number)
bits=$BITCOUNT(x,1)
  if (bits#2) {
result=1
  }
result
}

 

Look here for all our solutions so far : https://bitbucket.org/bertsarens/advent2016 and https://github.com/DannyWijnschenk/AdventOfCode2016

 

Here is the list of all Advent of Code 2016 articles  :

1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25